All About Makar Sankranti | Beliefs, Names, History, and Significance

All About Makar Sankranti Festival | Story, History, Names, Significance, and Importance
All About Makar Sankranti Festival | Story, History, Significance, and Importance

Why do we celebrate Makar Sankranti?

Hinduism is the oldest religion among all the religions and civilizations of the world on this earth. There are many festivals celebrated by Hindus Sanatan Dharma in India. Each festival has its own belief, Story, History, Significance, and Importance. Makar Sankranti is also a famous and sacred festival among all the festivals of Hindus. It also has a belief of its own. It is celebrated with gaiety in many states and parts of India.

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Makar Sankranti is also known by different names like Pongal, and Uttarayan. It is celebrated every year in the Shukla Paksha of Paush month. Makar Sankranti is generally celebrated on 14 January every year. It is one of those Indian Hindu festivals celebrated on a fixed date.

Makar Sankranti Names Statewise.

Makar Sankranti is celebrated by many names. Apart from Uttar Pradesh, Makar Sankranti is recognized and celebrated by different names in different states of India.

In India, Makar Sankranti Festival called with different names are given below:

NamesState
Sankranti, Makara Sankramanam, Pedda PandugaAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
PusnaWest Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya
Suggi Habba, Makara Sankramana, Makara SankrantiKarnataka[28]
Uttarayan or GhughutiUttarakhand
Makara Mela and Makara ChaulaOdisha
Sankaranti or ShankarantiKerala[29]
Dahi Chura or Til SankrantiMithila Bihar
Maghi Sankranti, Haldi Kumkum or SankrantiMaharashtra, Jammu, Goa, Nepal
HangraiTripura
Pongal or Uzhavar ThirunalTamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia
UttarayanGujarat
MaghiHaryana, Himachal Pradesh Punjab
Magh Bihu or Bhogali BihuAssam
Shishur SaenkraatKashmir Valley
Sakraat or KhichdiUttar Pradesh and western Bihar
Poush SangkrantiWest Bengal, Bangladesh
Tila SakraitMithila
TirmooriPakistan

The Makar Sankranti is celebrated with pomp. But in many parts, 'Makar Sankranti' is also known as Khichdi. It the importance of eating khichdi and donating khichdi on this day.

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Beliefs of celebrating Makar Sankranti festival.

According to the Indian Hindu calendar (Panchang), on this day in the month of Paush, the Sun leaves Sagittarius and enters Capricorn. The Uttarayan movement of the Sun also starts from the day of Makar Sankranti. That is why this festival is also called Uttarayani in some places.

  1. Makar Sankranti is also celebrated as the 'Festival of Charity'. The first batch of Magh Mela starts from Makar Sankranti and continues till the last bath of Shivratri. There is also a tradition of giving donations after bathing on the day of Makar Sankranti. Donating urad, rice, sesame, chivda, cow, gold, woollen clothes, blankets etc. has its own importance on this day.
  2. It is celebrated in the month of Paush at the time of Surya Utarayan i.e. when the sun starts moving from south to north direction and due to which the days become longer and the nights become shorter.
  3. According to astrology, the entry of the Sun from one zodiac to another is called Sankranti and on this day the Sun enters Capricorn from Sagittarius, hence it is called Makar Sankranti.
  4. This festival is completely associated with the Sun God. On this day the Sun God is worshipped and water is offered to him.
  5. Sesame and jaggery also matter a lot, so different sweets of sesame and jaggery are made in homes. People eat peanuts, revdi and distribute it among others.
  6. People visit pilgrimage sites to take baths and offer prayers. Donating on this day gives hundredfold merit.
  7. It is also celebrated in the joy of the good yield of crops. The green fields filled with mustard are very attractive. Makar Sankranti is considered to mark the arrival of the spring season. In many states of India, people celebrate this day by flying kites. Even in schools, children celebrate the festival of Makar Sankranti by flying kites and participating in the celebrations.
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Greet your dear ones on the occasion of Makar Sankranti with Makar Sankranti wishes and Images.

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